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A nakshatra is one of 28 sometimes also 27 sectors along the ecliptic. Their names are related to the most prominent asterisms in the respective sectors. The first astronomical text that lists them is the Vedanga Jyotisha. In classical Hindu scriptures MahabharataHarivamsathe creation of the nakshatras is attributed to Daksha. They are personified as daughters of Daksha and as wives of Chandra known as the Moon God who reluctantly married the 26 other nakshatra’s on Daksha’s request even though he was only interested to marry Rohinior alternatively the daughters of Kashyapathe brother of Daksha.
Nakshatra – Wikipedia
In the Atharvaveda Shaunakiya recension, hymn This day time cycle has been taken to mean a particular group of stars. The relationship to the stars really has to do with the periodicity with nakshatea the Moon travels over time and through space past the field of the specific stars called nakshatras.
Hence, the stars are more like numbers on a clock through which the hands of time pass the moon. This concept was discovered by Dr. Jessie Mercay in her research on Surya Siddhanta. The classical list of 27 nakshatras is first found in the Vedanga Jyotishaa text dated to the BCE. The nakshatra bruhat predates the Hellenistic astronomy which became prevalent from about the 2nd century Naksharra.
In Hindu astronomy, there was an older tradition of 28 Nakshatras which were used as celestial markers in the heavens.
When these were mapped into equal divisions of the ecliptic, naksshatra division of 27 portions was adopted since that resulted in a cleaner definition of each portion i. In the process, the Nakshatra Abhijit was left out without a portion. It is noted above that with the older tradition of 28 Nakshatras each equal segment would subtend Brihah the 28 Nakshatra were chosen at a time when the Vedic month was recognised as having exactly 30 days.
In India and China the original 28 lunar mansions were not equal.
Brihat – Meaning of Brihat | Rashi and Nakshatra of Brihat | Baby
Hindu texts note there were; 16 Nakshatras of 30 Muhurtas, 6 of 45 Muhurtas, 5 of 15 Muhurtas and one of 6 Muhurtas. The 28 mansions of the degree lunar zodiac total Muhurtas or This is then described as an inaccurate estimate of our modern sidereal period of But using the ancient Indian calendar with Vedic months of 30 days and a daily movement of the Moon of 13 degrees this early designation of a sidereal month of Muhurtas or The exact figure should be nearer Later some Indian savants dropped the Nakshatra named Abhijit to reduce the number of divisions to 27, but the Chinese retained all of their original 28 lunar mansions.
These were grouped into four equal quarters which would have been fundamentally disrupted if it had been decided to reduce the number of divisions to Irrespective of the reason why ancient early Indian astronomers followed a Vedic calendar of exactly 12 months of 30 days it was this calendar and not a modern calendar of days that they used for the astronomical calculations for the number of days taken for the Moon to complete one sidereal cycle of degrees.
This is why initially they named 28 Nakshatras on their lunar zodiac. The following list of nakshatras gives the corresponding regions of sky, following Basham.
The 27 nakshatras, each with 4 padas, givewhich is the number of nakshatga in a japa mala, indicating all the elements ansh of Vishnu:. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the star, see Epsilon Hydrae. For the film, see Nakshatram film. This article has multiple issues.
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American Institute of Vedic Studies.
GriffithHymns of the Atharva Veda, . Atharva Veda SanhitaBerlin The American Oriental Society. Devadas Gautama Siddha M. Babylonian astronomy Ancient Greek astronomy Hellenistic astronomy Islamic astronomy Chinese astronomy European astronomy.
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Ketu South lunar node Symbol: Horse’s head Rigvedic name: Ashwinsthe horse-headed twins who are physicians to the gods Indian zodiac: Yonithe female organ of reproduction Rigvedic name: Yamagod of death or Dharma Indian zodiac: Knife or spear Rigvedic name: Agnigod of fire Indian zodiac: Rohini “the red one”, a name of Aldebaran.
Naishatra or chariottemplebanyan tree Rigvedic name: Prajapatithe Creator Indian zodiac: Deer’s head Rigvedic name: SomaChandrathe Moon god Indian zodiac: Ardra “the moist one”.
Rahu North lunar node Symbol: Teardrop, diamond, a human head Rigvedic name: Rudrathe storm god Indian zodiac: Punarvasu dual “the two restorers of goods”, also known as yamakau “the two chariots”. Bow and quiver Rigvedic name: Aditimother of the gods Indian zodiac: Cow’s udder, lotusarrow and circle Rigvedic name: Sarpas or Nagasdeified snakes Indian zodiac: Royal Throne Rigvedic name: Pitrs’The Fathers’, family ancestors Indian zodiac: Front legs of bed, hammock, fig tree Rigvedic name: Aryamangod of patronage and favours Indian zodiac: Nakshata legs of bed, hammock Rigvedic name: Bhagagod of marital bliss and prosperity Indian zodiac: Hand or fist Rigvedic name: Savitrthe Sun god Indian zodiac: Chitra “the bright one”, a name of Spica.
Bright jewel or pearl Rigvedic name: TvastarVishwakarma Nakahatra zodiac: Shoot of plant, coral Rigvedic name: Vayuthe Wind god Indian zodiac: Triumphal arch, potter’s wheel Rigvedic nakshattra Indrachief of the gods; Agnigod of Fire Indian zodiac: Triumphal archway, lotus Rigvedic name: Mitraone of Adityas of friendship and partnership Indian zodiac: