Dans son cas particulier il s’agit d’un déplacement double, à la fois sur l’axe paradigmatique et sur l’axe syntagmatique. Comme dans l’exemple suivant: Il a bu. File:Métaphore schéma axes syntagmatique et Size of this preview: × pixels. Other resolutions: × pixels. La chaîne de l’énoncé qui pourrait être figurée par un axe «O—X» du fait de son de l’axe syntagmatique admet un élément de l’axe paradigmatique concerné.

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In natural languages the metalinguistic function is realized in two principal ways: We will demonstrate that, between these two kinds of constructions, it is only by metalanguage that it is possible to describe objects. This paper proposes an archeology of doing in order to establish the paradigmqtique that are accomplished to lead a description.

L’épistémologie de Hjelmslev : Entre métalangage et opérations

The starting point to reconstruct this relation between metalanguage and methodology is a letter that Ferdinand de Saussure writes to Antoine Meillet. In this correspondence, Saussure shows a complementary way to the terminological one.


By indicating a failure on the metalinguistic field, he suggests to supplement an epistemology of metalanguage by an epistemology of doing. Some years later, Hjelmslev improve the saussurian position, by integrating to the metalanguage the procedures and the operations. Despite its logic implanting, the theory of Danish linguist remains one of these uncommon theories that proposes a reflection on the methodological status of semiolinguistics.

File:Métaphore schéma axes syntagmatique et paradigmatiquesvg – Wikimedia Commons

Instead of a static typology, we defend here the diachronic dimension of metalanguage. We observe that, since its birth, semiotics constructed an articulation of evolutionary analysis categories of its metasystem. Any application must be measured with this network of categories. So, following Hjelmslev, we propose of metalanguage a diachronic pxradigmatique applicative definition, which is, at the same time, more realistic.

If semiotics has two axes, the system and the processmetasemiotics must be characterised by the same opposition: On this basis, for each examined theory, we compare different descriptive theories to indicate the existence of an operational time for the application.

So we can distinguish different modes of existence of the object during the description. Finally, we show that the application procedure requires some other adjustments between theory and object.



The applications, ultimately, test the descriptive power of the theory: If the adequacy operation has some impacts on the metasystem articulation, this is because the singularities, which are found in the object, sytnagmatique be generalised to other objects or extended to other classes of objects.

This reflection ends by some observations about logic governance of the adequacy and by a typology of figures derived from these models: Au fond, comme le rappelle Hjelmslev, toute science modifie la langue ordinaire pour y introduire ses termes techniques: Cette position permet de mieux comprendre ce qui arrive pendant la progression de la lecture.

G reimasAlgirdas-J.

G uillaumeGustaveT emps et verbe. Prolegomena to a Theory of LanguageSuppl. Travaux du Cercle linguistique de Copenhague, vol.

Copenhague, Nordisk Sprogog Kulturforlag. WhitfieldFrancis J. ZinnaAlessandroLe interfacce degli oggetti di scritturaRome, Meltemi.

FontanilleLimoges, Pulim, Sommaire – Document suivant. Des parties de cette intervention, dont le Table des illustrations Titre Fig.