ASTM E/EM: Standard Practice for Design and Performance of Supported Laminated Glass Walkways. of breakage (POB) of 8/ from the appendix of ASTM E, these allowable stresses While ASTM E () does address point loads as design. testing to ASTM F Test Method. • Testing program 41kPa,. kPa-msec ASTM E Standard. Practice. – Calculation method. • Determine glass.

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In this article, architect and premises safety expert, Anthony Shinsky discusses various aspects of flooring that influence pedestrian safety. Impact resistance, breakage tolerance, deflection of the system, and the free area between components are all regulated by this standard and the failure to meet any one of them can result in injury. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard.

Shower and sauna enclosures and glass enclosures at some recreational and sports areas are also identified as impact hazard areas. Share this page by email. Existing float glass can be covered with guards or a transparent film to prevent it from shattering and most glass can be easily removed and replaced with an appropriate safety glazing material. Model codes, e2715 the International Building Code, define these areas as those subject to human impact.

What are hazardous locations for glass and glazing? Glass can be a safe building component when used in compliance with recognized standards and protected from human impact, but injuries still regularly occur. A heavier form of this glass is float glass. As the injured person recoils, the pointed shards can make deep lacerations that can be life threatening. Generally, they are the areas surrounding a doorway and places where it is foreseeable that a person could walk and encounter glazing, such as patios, and fully glazed storefronts.

His expertise in facility design, construction, and architectural professional practice, along with his extensive experience in the premises safety aspects of the built environment, are applied to relevant forensic casework. Glass in elevator car enclosures, glass elevator car doors and glass used for lining walls and ceilings of elevator cars shall be laminated glass conforming to Class A in accordance with ANSI Z Anthony is a Registered Architect with over twenty seven years of professional experience in the Architectural and Engineering Consultant industry.

The area of any single vision panel shall be not less than 24 square inches 15 mm 2 and the total area of one or more vision panels in any hoistway door shall be not more than 85 square inches 54 mm 2. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other.


ASTM E, Standard Practice for Design and Performance of Supported Glass Walkwaysprovides requirements for structural performance, markings for clarity and slip resistance for the design and construction of these features. Your message has been received – we will be in touch shortly.

The glass is bonded to a nonpolymeric coating, sheeting or film backing having a physical integrity to hold the fragments when the glass breaks. But tempered glass and other types of safety glazing are not hazard satm. Link to Active This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard. Without appropriate markings, people can unintentionally walk into these features and become injured without breaking the glass.

ASTM E2751/E2751M – 17a

Heat Strengthened Glass H. Laminated Glass has two separate pieces of annealed, heat strengthened or tempered glass sandwiched around a layer of clear polyvinyl butaryl PVB. Depending upon where and how they are used, even these products can be hazardous. It breaks into sharp shards. Work Item s – proposed revisions of this standard. While not as aastm as the later developed annealed or tempered glass, wired glass was used for over 50 years in windows in doors and along corridors, and those areas required to provide fire separation protection.

Old float or wired glass still in use where modern standards require safety glazing products; improperly installed replacement glass panels and tempered or heat strengthened glass which fail during use; and inadequately marked or protected glass panels which cannot be reliably identified can all result in injury.

Issues that are common to all walkways, such as slip resistance, are addressed in existing referenced standards. The glass in glass hoistway doors shall be not less than 60 percent of the total visible door panel e2571 area as seen from the landing side. Float glass was the most common type of glass used in buildings until recent times.

ICC Passes Two Glass Walkway Provisions

The premises safety experts at Robson Forensic have investigated many injuries involving broken astk, falling glass panels, and pedestrian collisions with doors, windows, and other partitions. The first is the likelihood of being cut during the impact; the second involves the instincts of many people to pull their body, arm, or leg away from the glass.


What is a Safe Floor? One side can shatter from impact without the other side shattering, and, when the glass shatters, it does not delaminate into shards… Tempered Glass is created during manufacture by rapidly cooling the outer surfaces of the glass while the inner portion remains viscous. If you have specific questions or need immediate assistance, please contact us directly at Under impact, body parts can break the glass, and the embedded wires satm a significant risk of injury.

This standard includes performance, design, and safe behavior considerations. When tempered glass breaks, it fractures perpendicular to the plane of the surfacerather than parallel to it, resulting in small cubes that are less likely to asm significant injury… Float glass was the most common type of glass used in buildings until recent times.

The use of glass in windows, doors, storefronts, along stairs or ramps and similarly glazed features do not have to be dangerous if relatively simple precautionary measures are taken to assist people in identifying and avoiding these hazardous locations. Values derived from Practice ETable X9. Tempered glass shall be permitted to be used for lining walls and ceilings of elevator cars provided: Commonly referred to as safety glazing, heat strengthened, laminated, and tempered glass, as well f2751 ceramic, plastic and polymer products are now commonly used glazing materials in areas subject to the likelihood of human impact.

While commercially popular, some types of modern building glass may represent a serious danger. Share URL Copy and paste the link below into emails, chats or browsers. A glass stress reduction factor may be required for some acid etched or patterned glasses; consult the manufacturer. As a former hearing officer on the AIA National Ethics Council, and now a testifying expert in construction disputes, I have seen my share of Wired glass is less strong than float glass.

ASTM E – 11 Standard Practice for Design and Performance of Supported Glass Walkways

Click here to join. Referenced Documents purchase separately The documents listed below are referenced within the subject e271 but are not provided as part of the standard. These shards can easily cut flesh and tendons, and the results can be severe or even deadly. Historical Version s – view previous versions of standard.