territoriality, and sovereignty in Africa’, CODESRIA Bulletin (): Mbome, F.X. () ‘Les relations entre le Cameroun et le Nigeria: L’affaire Bakassi’. Affaire Bakassi: genèse, évolution et dénouement de l’affaire de la frontière terrestre et maritime Cameroun-Nigeria (). Responsibility: Guy Roger . “Les Relations entre le Cameroon et le Nigeria: 1’affaire Bakassi,” Afrique , no. 25 () The author reviews the long-standing territorial dispute.

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The case was extremely complex, requiring the court to review diplomatic exchanges dating back over years. It aroused vitriolic comments from Nigerian officials and the Nigerian media alike.

It instructed Nigeria to transfer possession of the peninsula, but did not require the inhabitants to move or to change their nationality.

This makes the Bakassi area a very fertile fishing ground, comparable only to Newfoundland in North America and Scandinavia in Western Europe. The outcome of the controversy was a de facto Nigerian refusal to withdraw its troops from Bakassi and transfer sovereignty.

In the two countries went to the brink of war over Bakassi and another area around Lake Bakadsiat the other end of the two countries’ common border. It is governed by Cameroonfollowing the transfer of sovereignty from neighbouring Nigeria as a result of a judgment by the International Court of Justice.


Views Read Edit View history. The remainder stayed under Nigerian civil authority for two more years.

Cameroon was thus given a substantial Nigerian population and was required to protect their rights, infrastructure and welfare. In other projects Wikimedia Commons. Retrieved 18 January Retrieved from ” https: However, Nigeria never ratified the agreement, while Cameroon regarded it as being in force.

Archived from the original on 13 August Retrieved 31 March Retrieved 5 November — via news. Retrieved 5 November More armed clashes broke out in the early s.

Annan said, “With today’s agreement on the Bakassi peninsula, a comprehensive resolution of the dispute is within our grasp.

The government took no action, and handed the final parts of Bakassi over to Cameroon on 14 August as planned, but a Federal High Court had stated this should be delayed until all accommodations for resettled Bakassians had been settled; the government did not seem to plan to heed this court order, [14] and set the necessary mechanisms into motion to override it.

The momentum achieved must be sustained. The verdict caused consternation in Nigeria. This page was last edited on 5 Novemberat Retrieved 26 April The line was drawn through the Cross River estuary to the west of the peninsula, thereby implying Cameroonian ownership over Bakassi.


Bakassi – Wikipedia

The ICJ judgment was backed up by the United Nationswhose charter potentially allowed sanctions or even the use of force to enforce the court’s ruling. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. The peninsula is commonly described as “oil-rich”, though in fact no commercially viable deposits of oil have been discovered.

Nigeria began to withdraw its forces, comprising some 3, troops, beginning 1 Augustand a ceremony on 14 August marked the formal handover of the northern part of the peninsula.

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Most of the population make zffaire living through fishing. Archived from the original on 22 April On 22 Novemberthe Affaaire Senate passed a resolution declaring that the withdrawal from the Bakassi Peninsula was illegal.

Matters arisingNigeriaworld. The Nigerian newspaper The Guardian went further, declaring that the judgment was “a rape and unforeseen potential international conspiracy against Nigerian territorial integrity and sovereignty” and “part of a Western ploy to foment and perpetuate trouble in Africa”.